Baku – “City of Winds”
Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region.
As the main port city Baku is located on the western Caspian seaside and on the bay shores of the same name in the southern part of the Absheron Peninsula which is rich in its oil fields.
The city is often referred to as the City of Winds for its harsh winds throughout most of the year. The name derives from the ancient Persian name Badkube which means “pounding winds”. There are two winds common to Baku – cold and rough Khazri, and mild and gentle Gilavar.
Since ancient times people have lived and founded their settlements here. This was motivated by continuous migrations from north to south and from west to east due to the physical and geographical conditions, a favorable location in the center of trade routes that crossed Great Silk Road, climatic conditions and the availability of large power resources.
Baku is the largest cultural center of Azerbaijan, a place where a national theatre, the first in Muslim East, lifted the curtain, the first opera was perfomed, the first Azerbaijan newspaper was published and the first Azerbaijan library was opened.
Baku is the largest industrial center of Azerbaijan. The city is famous for its Oil Stones,or Neft Dashlari, the place of high concentration of oil, unique plant of deep water foundations, high-capacity barges and modern drilling floating units. The development of different branches of industry such as light, food, chemical, engeneering, production of oil equipment and building materials made Baku one of the leading and reliable partners in international arena.
Baku is famous for its magnificent and amazing sights that everyone must vist. Among them are National History Museum, State Museum of Carpets and Applied Arts, Mosques, Maiden Tower, Shirvanshahs’ Palace, Mud Volcanoes, Yanar Dag, Gobustan National Park, Ateshgah Temple, Flame Towers, Heydar Aliyev Center,Inner City or Icheri Sheher, ets.